Snellen-chartType 1 Diabetes

Commonly found in young people, this is when the body stops producing insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes

Commonly develops in older people, this is when the body is unable to produce sufficient insulin.

Symptoms commonly linked with diabetes are; frequent urination, thirst, extreme hunger or fatigue, blurred vision, loss of weight itching or discharge around the genital area.

Ocular complications of diabetes include:

  • Glaucoma
  • Optic neuropathy
  • Problems with healing if there are injuries to the cornea
  • Abnormal contrast sensitivity
  • Myopic/ Hyperopic shift due to fluctuations in vision
  • Reduced vision
  • Colour vision defects

Simple lifestyle activities such as controlling diet and weight, testing blood glucose and annual eye examinations may all help to control the risk of diabetic disease complications.

Should additional information be required, kindly contact your Optometrist.

This post was first published on on 14 November 2019